Today Canadian HealthCare Mall decides to tell you some interesting information about bacteriophage. Bacteriophage or phage is viruses which selectively damage bacterial cells. Frequently they reproduce inside the bacteria and destroy them. Bacteriophage consists of protein coat and genetic material namely nucleic acid. Its size is 20-200 nanometer. Typical phage has head and tail, which is taller the head considerably.
The history of bacteriophage appearance is very interesting. In 1896 English bacteriologist – Ernest Hankin discovered that water in the Ganges and Jumna, rivers in India, possess the antibacterial activity suggested that this water contains the some substance which stops the distribution of cholera epidemic. The first emergence of bacterium anthracis destruction was observed by Russian microbiologist N. Gamaleya in 1898. but the name bacteriophage was given by Félix d’Hérelle. Later Félix d’Hérelle described the case of successful dysenteria treatment with bacteriaphage usage proving they provided sick person recovery subsequently helping to build up immunity. It drew a lot of attention to bacteriaphage who tried to find out the effective source in fight with dangerous infectious diseases.